The genus Didymaotus occurs in the winter rainfall Tanqua Karoo in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. Compact and highly succulent, the plants grow as small leaf pairs or develop into small clumps. One of the two leaves is usually slightly larger than the other and as log as they are broad. The upper surface of the leaves is flat, while the lower is rounded and keeled. Didymaotus are unique in that they can produce two flowers simultaneously. Considered somewhat difficult to grow, the plants require lots of light, heat, and dryness, but they also need enough water to keep their thick roots active. They prefer a clayey potting soil and are propagated by seed.