The genus Mitrophyllum occurs only in the Richtersveld of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The plants are characterized by two large oblong leaves borne on long stems. The leaves produce a papery sheath during the summer inactive period. In cultivation the plants tend to be fall and winter active. Although they are not difficult to grow, they take many years to mature and require large pots. They prefer sandy soil and take full or partial sun. They are propagated by seed and with much less ease from cuttings.